I. From Adam to Noah (Genesis 4 1-26)
A. Cain and Abel
1. Cain was older than his brother, Abel. (v1-2)
2. Brothers, but opposites.
a) Question:
(1) Does anyone know what Cain did for a living?
(2) Does anyone know what Abel did for a living?
b) Answers:
(1) Cain was a farmer - he worked the soil
(2) Abel was a herdsman - he kept flocks
(a) Aside: King David would be 14th from Abraham, and 21st from Enoch, 24th from Noah
(i) Matthew 1:1-7
(ii) Genesis 5:1-32
(b) Aside #2: Christ is also referred to as "The Good Shepard"
(i) John 10:11 & John 10:14
(ii) To the disciples the figure would have been specially apt since shepherding was one of the major occupations in Palestine. It involved both a protective concern and a sacrificial attitude. This latter is expressed in the words "the good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep
3. Call to Worship (4:3)
a) Aside #1: 194 references to offering in (NIV) vs 335 references to sacrifices
4. Cain's offering
a) Made out of excess
b) Demonstrated attitude in heart
5. Abel's Offering
a) Made from fattened portions of firstborn of flock.
b) Demonstrated desire to please - to serve
6. God's response
a) Abel - favor
(a) Approved servant
b) Cain
(1) Rejected for God's own reasons.
(2) Text does not specify beyond first fruits
(3) Angry at God for refusing his offering
(a) A take what you get, God attitude
(b) Justification is by faith, not by works
(c) Cain faults his brother for giving an offering with a pure heart
(d) Avoids responsibility for his own actions.
(e) Pouted (his face was downcast)
(f) Opportunity to be reconciled
(i) Genesis 4:6
(ii) Sin "Crouching at your door…"
(a) Aside: Psalm 1:1-2
(iii) Given warning : "You must master it"
B. The Murder of Abel (Genesis 4:8)
1. Conceived in Anger
a) Fueled by Guilt
(1) Executed in deceit
b) Cain Confronted
(1) God asked questions before final judgment (4:9) (Rev 20:12)
(2) Lied to God-"I don't know…"
c) Cain Punished
(1) Crops will not yield
(2) Restless Wanderer
d) Cain Reacts to Punishment
(1) Claims "Too much"
(a) Banished from the land
(b) Hidden from God's presence
(i) Only reaction was to being hidden from God.
(2) God make s provision for Cain
(a) Cain "Marked"
(i) We do not know what that mark was.
(ii) Cain's line ended at the Flood
(b) Cain Settled in Nod, East of Eden
(i) Location not certain
(ii) Only know that it was east of Eden
C. The Question of Wives
1. Two of the sons of Adam and Eve had wives. Where did their wives come from?

2. Genesis 5:4 tells us that during Adam's long lifetime of 930 years (800 after the birth of Seth), he had other sons and daughters. Since he and Eve had been ordered to produce a large family in order to populate the earth (Gen. 1:28), it is reasonable to assume that they continued to have children for a long period of time, under the then ideal conditions for longevity.
D. The First Civilization
1. Founded by Cain
a) Jubal father of all who play the harp and flute
(1) A "Jubilee" is still an event that causes celebrations that harps and flutes might be used in.
(2) Tubal-Cain created tools of bronze and iron
b) Cain's Lineage traced to Lamech
(1) Killed a man in self defense
(2) Cain's entire lineage separated from God - the lineage was separated from Cain as firstborn as a result of Sin (Other examples are Esau (Edom), and Reuben, firstborn of Isreal).
E. Adam's Line Continued Through Seth
1. God brings forward another to complete his plan.
2. Through Seth, Men began to call on the name of the Lord (4:25)
II. Exegetical Comments
A. What's in a Name?
1. Definition
2. ADAM (Heb. adham, Gr. Adam, of the ground or taken out of the red earth). In Hebrew this is both a personal name (Gen 2:20; 3:17, 21; 4:25; 5:2-3; 1 Chron 1:1) and a general noun ("mankind," over 500 times in the OT). As the first and representative man, Adam was made in God's image, provided with a garden and a wife, and given work to do (Gen 1-2). His rejection of God's authority led to the breaking of communion with God (see FALL), his expulsion from the Garden, and a life of toil (Gen 3). From the physical descendants of Adam and Eve the human race emerged.
a) Adam is mentioned nine times in the NT (Luke 3:38; Rom 5:14 [twice]; 1 Cor 15:22, 45 [twice]; 1 Tim 2:13-14; Jude 14). Noteworthy truths are the one-flesh union of Adam and Eve, the comparison of the identity and role of Adam with that of Christ, and the submission of woman to man.
3. SETH (Heb. sheth, "appointed," i.e., "substituted"). Adam's third son (Gen 4:25-26; 5:3-8). His name signifies that he was considered a "substitute" for Abel (4:25). His birth recalled man's tragic loss of the divine image (5:1-2). He became the founder of the line of faith (Gen 4:26; Luke 3:38).

4. ENOSH, ENOS (Heb. enosh, mortal, Gr. Enos).
a) Son of Seth and grandson of Adam (Gen 4:26; 5:6-11; Luke 3:38).
b) Attached to his birth is an implication of godly fear.
c) He lived 905 years.
5. Kenan
6. MAHALALEL (Heb. mahalalel, praise of God). The son of Kenan and the father of Jared, He lived 895 years (Gen 5:12-13, 15-17; 1 Chron 1:2; Luke 3:37). In Luke 3:37 NIV has "Mahalaleel."
7. Jared
a) JERED (Heb. yeredh, descent). 1. Son of Mahalaleel (1 Chron 1:2 KJV; NIV "Jared"). 2. A Judahite and father of the inhabitants of Gedor (4:18).
8. ENOCH (Heb. hanokh, consecrated, Gr. Henoch). 1. Cain's eldest son, for whom the first city was named (Gen 4:17-18). 2. Son of Jared (5:18) and father of Methuselah (5:21-22; Luke 3:37). Abram walked "before God" (Gen 17:1), but of Enoch and Noah alone it is written that they walked "with God" (5:24; 6:9). Walking with God occurred in Eden and anticipates a new paradise (Rev 21:3; 22:3-4). The secret of Enoch's walk with God was faith (Heb 11:5-6). He typifies the saints living at Christ's coming who will be removed from mortality to immortality without passing through death (1 Cor 15:51-52). His translation out of a wicked world was an appropriate testimony to the truth ascribed to him in Jude 14-15.
a) Did not die - he was "translated" into heaven to walk with God.
b) Only other instance of this is in the translation of Elijah.
9. METHUSELAH (Heb. methushelah, man of the javelin). A descendant of Seth before the Flood. He died at 969 years of age, in the very year of the Flood (Gen 5:22-27). He was the son of Enoch and the father of Lamech (5:21, 25).

10. LAMECH (Heb. lemekh, meaning undetermined). 1. A son of Methushael (Gen 4:18-24) and a descendant of Cain, who had two wives, Adah and Zillah. His sons founded the nomadic life and the musical arts, and invented metalcrafts and instruments of war. Lamech's song (4:23-24) expresses every feature of Hebrew poetry (alliteration, parallelism, poetic diction, etc.). 2. The son of Methuselah (5:28-31). This man, a descendant of Seth, became the father of Noah. His faith is attested by the name he gave his son, Noah (meaning "rest"), and by the hope of "comfort" (5:29) that he anticipated in his son's life.
11. Noah
a) Rest

B. Great, but what does it mean?
1. Of the ground or taken out of the red earth
2. Substituted
3. Mortal
4. Praise of God
5. Descent
6. Consecrated
7. Man of the javelin
C. All these words describe Christ
1. He is our substitute
2. He lived as a mortal
3. He is the Praise of God
4. He descended to earth to become our final sacrifice
5. He is consecrated (set apart) from all others.
6. Rest (Noah)- God promised us rest.
7. He will return with a two-edged sword!
8. Where's Lamech?
a) Not godly
b) Removed
c) We do not know the meaning of his name
d) Consistent with removal of lineage in relation to the birthright and covenant.

Notes on Genesis

Genesis means "book of beginnings". It is the beginning of God's revelation of his love. The very first of the Bible must be accepted by faith. No one was around to write down what God did, he inspired Moses to write down the first five books of the Bible, known as the Pentateuch. (Pent-A-Tuke). The book of Genesis does not explain how God created, or even why. It just tells us what happened at the beginning that we need to know about.

In reading Genesis, remember that God created all things. Remember that God has a plan and purpose for everything. Sin destroyed the perfect union between God and man. God began to immediately restore the relationship.

The first part of Genesis talks about creation, the creation of Man, and the Fall. The next part talks about Cain and Abel, and the generations from Adam to Noah.

Then the exciting stories begin. There is Noah and the Flood in chapter 6, and God's covenant with Noah in chapter 9. Chapter 10 lists the nations. The interesting part of chapter 10 is that later in the Bible there are references to certain nations, and where they have settled, and what became of them.

Chapter 11 talks about the tower of Babel. Chapters 12 - 18 share several events in the life of Abram and Sarai (who later becomes Abraham). Genesis 19 tells the story of Sodom and Gomorrah, and Lot and his daughters. Chapter 21 - 24 begins the stories of Issac, Jacob and Esau. Genesis concludes at the end of the life of Joseph.

For now, we'll start in small steps…

The Six Days of Creation
The Beginning of Beginnings
Day One - Light, Evening and Morning
GE 1:1 In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. 2 Now the earth was formless and empty, darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was hovering over the waters.
GE 1:3 And God said, "Let there be light," and there was light. 4 God saw that the light was good, and he separated the light from the darkness. 5 God called the light "day," and the darkness he called "night." And there was evening, and there was morning--the first day.

Day Two - Sky
GE 1:6 And God said, "Let there be an expanse between the waters to separate water from water." 7 So God made the expanse and separated the water under the expanse from the water above it. And it was so. 8 God called the expanse "sky." And there was evening, and there was morning--the second day.

Day Three - Dry Ground, Seas,. Vegetation, and Plants
GE 1:9 And God said, "Let the water under the sky be gathered to one place, and let dry ground appear." And it was so. 10 God called the dry ground "land," and the gathered waters he called "seas." And God saw that it was good.
GE 1:11 Then God said, "Let the land produce vegetation: seed-bearing plants and trees on the land that bear fruit with seed in it, according to their various kinds." And it was so. 12 The land produced vegetation: plants bearing seed according to their kinds and trees bearing fruit with seed in it according to their kinds. And God saw that it was good. 13 And there was evening, and there was morning--the third day.

Day Four - Sun and Moon
GE 1:14 And God said, "Let there be lights in the expanse of the sky to separate the day from the night, and let them serve as signs to mark seasons and days and years, 15 and let them be lights in the expanse of the sky to give light on the earth." And it was so. 16 God made two great lights--the greater light to govern the day and the lesser light to govern the night. He also made the stars. 17 God set them in the expanse of the sky to give light on the earth 18 to govern the day and the night, and to separate light from darkness. And God saw that it was good. 19 And there was evening, and there was morning--the fourth day.

Day Five -- Living Creatures - Fish and Birds

GE 1:20 And God said, "Let the water teem with living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth across the expanse of the sky." 21 So God created the great creatures of the sea and every living and moving thing with which the
water teems, according to their kinds, and every winged bird according to its kind. And God saw that it was good. 22 God blessed them and said, "Be fruitful and increase in number and fill the water in the seas, and let the birds increase on the earth." 23 And there was evening, and there was morning--the fifth day.

Day Six - Creation of Man

GE 1:24 And God said, "Let the land produce living creatures according to their kinds: livestock, creatures that move along the ground, and wild animals, each according to its kind." And it was so. 25 God made the wild animals according to their kinds, the livestock according to their kinds, and all the creatures that move along the ground according to their kinds. And God saw that it was good.
GE 1:26 Then God said, "Let us make man in our image, in our likeness, and let them rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air, over the livestock, over all the earth, and over all the creatures that move along the ground. "GE 1:27 So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them. GE 1:28 God blessed them and said to them, "Be fruitful and increase in number; fill the earth and subdue it. Rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air and over every living creature that moves on the ground." GE 1:29 Then God said, "I give you every seed-bearing plant on the face of the whole earth and every tree that has fruit with seed in it. They will be yours for food. 30 and all the creatures that move on the ground--everything that has the breath of life in it--I give every green plant
for food." And it was so. GE 1:31 God saw all that he had made, and it was very good. And there was evening, and there was morning-the sixth day.

Let's get into this a little deeper…

The Greek shows that Elohim (Ell-o-Heem) is the word for God performing the actions here. This will be the same as who authors the covenant with Abraham later. We establish at the very first verse the God of the Fathers, as opposed to the "god of the nations" or idols. Interesting how that ties into the very first of the Ten Commandments. (EX 20:3 "You shall have no other gods before me.)
From Genesis 1:1 we also learn that the origin of all that exists is created by God, and further affirms that God alone is eternal. The term beginning marks a starting point, as something with a duration.

The first three days of creation were preparation and separation. The last three days were completion and filling.

Consider this: On day 1ight itself was created. On day four, light holders were created. On day two, air and water, and on day five birds and fish. Day three God created land vegetation, and on day six he created animals and men.

In the first day, the condition of the land was identified. IT was not habitable for humans, animals, or vegetation. The word used is "formless" and "void". A wasteland.
Take a look at Isaiah 45:18
ISA 45:18 For this is what the LORD says--
he who created the heavens,
he is God;
he who fashioned and made the earth,
he founded it;
he did not create it to be empty,
but formed it to be inhabited--
he says:
"I am the LORD,
and there is no other.

For those who wonder a bit about the events of God creating…
Consider Job 38:4….40:2

On to verses 3-5…

Science has proven the existence of cosmic light. This is the light being created, and then it was pronounced good. There is nothing that pleases the Father that is not good. Focus on the words "and God saw…." This illustrates at the beginning, God sees. Hagar will call God El Roi "the God who sees". Is there any wonder why God becomes angry about idols that neither see, hear, or create?

The idea of God seeing will play into events later…when God sees what different people have been doing.

When we read "and God saw…" in this part of Genesis we could add say "And God determined it was beneficial. This would imply that God viewed events beyond the immediate….

Day Two…

Verses 6-8 talk about the creation of the sky. See the sky? That's how close God's creation is. The sky has no supports, it has nothing to hold it into place. The sky was also declared good. The water needed to be separated from the land for the remaining creation events. We see that the land is prepared for mankind again when the Red Sea is parted for Moses (Ex. 14-15). Right after the land was prepared, the land was given a use: Fruit trees and seed bearing plants. Vegetation does not arrive until later.

On Day Four, the light holders are created. Let's keep in mind that the cosmos was created in the beginning, and now on day four, the specifics are being finalized. There is an act of creation out of nothing "let there be an expanse…" and "Let there be lights to separate…" Right after these are created, they have a job to do….mark time.

For those who like to cook, this analogy might apply…

If I prepare a nice juicy steak carefully, then grill it to perfection, I'll try to consume it as soon as possible. God prepared the earth, then he gave it a job. Everything He created had a purpose as much then as it does now.

Day Five..

Living creatures were created in two days. On day five the sky and sea creatures were created. On day six, man and woman. Now, birds like to eat fish, and the birds that don't eat fish, are quite fond of plants. Everything kept its natural order until mankind came along.

Its interesting to note that the same principles God used to create in Genesis are the same ones that are good sense at work today. Do more than one thing in a day. Whatever is done, make it good. Keep working until the job is done. Know when to take a break.

When we talk about the creation of man, remember that Genesis makes no attempt to describe how God created. We must accept that he did create.

Only mankind has a living soul. God did not give self-consciousness to anything else. Man is made in the image of God. (Colossians 3:10, Ephesians 4:21-24).

In closing, the creation events lay the groundwork for the rest of history. The focus moves away from what God created, to what happens to it. The rest of the story shifts to attitude…our attitude towards God and each other. This begins a lovely relationship between the Creator and the created. Whenever the communion has been broken, God has worked to immediately restore the relationship.

Gracious Heavenly Father, Creator of all things seen and unseen,

May your will be done in our lives be the song of our hearts. As your word has been shared, let it teach us all something new again. As we go our separate ways, show us, even teach us how to be a brighter light, and a saltier salt to advance your kingdom on earth as it is in heaven.

As we break your heart, please forgive us, and give to us the same forgiving spirit we have enjoyed forgiveness from.

Grant to each one here, and those not able to be present the wisdom to take care of what we have been provided, and to be content with whatever is lacking.

Thank you for all that you have created. Thank you for allowing us to share this time together, and keep us safe until we can gather again.

In the Name of Christ we pray, Amen.